Enset production in ethiopia pdf
Area allocated to enset production is declining from time to time due to bacterial wilt attack and many farmers started replacing enset fields with other crops . In Table 3we indicated that the corm is ensrt nutritious than bulla in terms of essential amino acids composition. About 53.7% of the study area is moderately suitable, 12.1% is marginally suitable and 3.8% is currently not suitable to enset crop cultivation of study area. The production of enset in Ethiopia is limited by a number of constraints of which diseases play a major role. The main objectives of the study were to investigate the existing diversity of enset clones selected for different purposes; its challenges and contribution of enset production for sustainable livelihood security of the rural community in the study area.
Enset (Enset ventricosum) is a perennial herbaceous root crop with long broad leaves and bulky pseudo-stem.It is one of the important food secure plant due to drought resisting property. Cooperatives created approximately 82,074 jobs and generated approximately half a billion Ethiopian Birr in wages during 2008. We applied our study in a landscape mosaic in Southern Ethiopia that was divided into three zones of increasing distance to Munesa Forest—“near,” “intermediate,” and “distant.” A variety of research tools and methods, including remote sensing, participatory methods, farm survey, and yield assessment, were employed.
This research study had been developed with an objective of exploring major constraints and farmers’ traditional management system on pre and post-harvest of ensets cultivars in Masha district, Southwest Ethiopia. enset cultivation and recent enset household production trends in a national context. Production In the colder highlands of Gumer and parts of the Muher tribal lands people grow cereals and legumes, otherwise the major crop is enset.
Ethiopia has great potential for increased livestock of employment [9, 1, 9, 10]. plant, it is mandatory that improving its production and processing activities by supporting gender sensitive value chain is very important.
These research questions will be addressed through three work packages.
Background and Objective: Enset constraints are the main challenges for enset production in the growing area as regional and national level of the country. By 2015, it was reported that 80% of enset farms were contaminated (Africa Rising, 2016). noted that enset has been cultivated as a food and fiber crop in Ethiopia for several years and over 80% of the production is concentrated in the south and south-western part of the country. Such an improved understanding of indigenous knowledge related to enset production can help to identify guidelines for selecting potentially interesting topics for scientiﬁc research (Bello´n, 1991; DeWalt, 1994).
Overall, these data will contribute to improved estimates of production potential of Enset in Ethiopia, helping to identify if there is a yield gap in current Enset production and how can this be addressed. In addition, oxen are used for production, both for local use and for export [1, 2, 3]. The research, on which this thesis is based, was carried out in the Kaffa Shaka zone among 240 households.The domestication, production and use of enset is restricted to Ethiopia. Coffee was identified as a primary source of cash in all assessed areas except Gamo Goffa where banana ranked first among cash crops. Substantial areas receive sufficient rainfall and many lakes, rivers and streams could also be used to support fruit production.
Ensete ventricosum is one of the species in the genus Ensete whose species composition is not yet known. It could contribute to improved food security in several drought-prone parts of the world. The best source for strong lactic acid production applicable for enset fermentation was 15 day pre-fermented enset and maize.
Because of the activities of this species and, to some extent, of Streptococcus faecalis, the pH of the fermenting kocho was reduced from 6˙5 to 5˙6. In Wolaita, enset is mainly cultivated for food, fiber, medicine, source of animal feed and as income generating crop. Its production is strongly intermingled with the economic, cultural and social life of the people in enset growing regions. Little attention has been paid to develop reliable models to estimate and predict yield and biomass production for both systems. The objective of the present study was to understand farmers’ knowledge to enset diversity management and their response to EXW. the sustainability of enset-based agriculture is threatened by a number of factors. Exploiting indigenous knowledge of subsistence farmers’ for the management and conservation of Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman) (musaceae family) diversity on-farm.
However, enhancing the production in the face of changing climate inter alia requires protection against biotic stresses Singh et al. Even though the use of resistant clones has been an effective management strategy for the disease, such clones are not well identified. The average family size of urban and rural dairy producers was 7.19 ± 0.26 and 7.58 ± 0.23 persons, respectively. Lucidly, Enset is a main staple crop in southern and central Ethiopia where the pulp is fermented for food production but its strong fibers are now only used for local rope making or they are discarded. Bacterial wilts, root rot and nematodes, were the most economical important disease and pests for enset cultivars in the area. In these regions, enset is regarded as a food security crop and occupies a central position in the livelihood of the community. Kocho, an acidic starchy food, is prepared by fermenting a mixture of the scraping of the trunk and pulverized stem and corm of ensette (Ensette ventricosum).Leuconostoc mesenteroides is responsible for initiating the fermentation. Suggestions that the plant was tamed as far back as 10,000 years ago have been presented.
Better then never, though i am quite late in start reading this one.
During the last decades, the local farming systems in which enset is maintained have become endangered. This paper attempts to trace the origin of domesticated enset and early food production in Ethiopia, historical evidence of its distributions, botanical and genetic diversity of cultivated and wild enset forms. The traditional processing method is labor and time consuming, inconvenient and unhygienic leading to physical pain and disease in women and their families. Ethiopia has diverse agro ecology and many areas are suitable for growing temperate, subtropical or tropical fruits.
The major crops grown in the region are coffee, cereals, oilseeds, pulses, vegetables and fruits. purposefully based on enset production potential in SNNPRS, where more than two-third of the country’s enset production is located. Application of 138 kg N and 20 kg P/ha per year two times in the life of the crop gave the highest enset production in all the above parameters. Enset is a traditional staple food crop in many parts of the densely populated south and south-western highlands of Ethiopia. The southern and southwestern part of Ethiopia has an extraordinary biological and cultural diversity. Abstract: Enset is a perennial root crop indigenous to Ethiopia cultivated dominantly in the south and southwestern highlands. Three types of food, viz., Kocho (fermented product from scraped pseudostem and grated corm), Bulla (dehydrated juice), and Amicho (boiled corm) can be prepared from enset. Bacterial wilt of enset is one of the major threats for the enset production in Gurage Zone, Southern Ethiopia.
Enset was fully domesticated in Ethiopia between 10,000 and 5,000 years ago and initially farmed in a system of shifting cultivation. In Ethiopia, enset production, harvesting and processing is one of the most burdensome household activities that is predominantly done by women. It is widely distributed and cultivated in south and southwestern part of Ethiopia. Enset serves as a food security crop for humans, animal feed, and source of fiber for the producers. Livestock feed resources in Ethiopia: Challenges, Opportunities and the need for transformation. A production handbook for sheep and goats in Ethiopia applicable to many areas of Africa and beyond.
At middle altitudes, coffee and enset co-dominate the forest.
Both diseased Enset samples and young health clones were collected from five kebeles in each district in random sample form. From each zone two woredas and two peasant associations (Pas) (the lowest tier of government administration unit), were selected purposefully based on agro ecology variant. Southern Highlands of Ethiopia as the major staple food crop by many cultural groups. There are several enset varieties or clones mainly produced for their starch from the pseudostem while some are exclusively cultivated for their corm. The region is known for enset production and enset food products are amongst its typical traditional foods and staples.
total area of 46,724 hectares, 30.4% is highly suitable for enset cultivation and production. It is the most widely used staple food in the country, feeding millions of people. Enset based farming is an indigenous agricultural system and more than 20% of Ethiopia’s population depends on enset for food, feed, and fiber. in Ethiopia, making wheat the second-most important food, behind maize (19 percent) and ahead of teff, sorghum, and enset (10-12 percent each) (FAO, 2014).
Wolaita has enset based mixed crop-livestock farming system, where enset is the co-staple food together with cereals, root and tuber crops . However its production has been threatened by a devastating bacterial disease caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. However, enset production has been decreasing alarmingly in terms of area coverage, production and number of clones grown over the last two decades. This characterization is organized around the economic logic of comparative advantage for a variety of generalized production decisions of relevance in Ethiopia. Application of genetic engineering for control of bacterial wilt disease of enset, Ethiopia's sustainability crop. The issue of soil fertility among enset-growing farmers of Sidama, located in the Southern Region of Ethiopia, is embedded within the larger process of how a household makes a living. SUMMARY Introduction – Enset is an indigenous crop in southern and southwestern Ethiopia, with a huge potential to provide year-round food production.
Enset grows at a wide range of altitudes, but, it grows luxuriously at an elevation between 2000 and 3000 m.a.s.l under rain fed conditions . Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman) is one of the Ethiopia’s indigenous sustainability crops supporting the livelihoods of about 20 million people, mainly in the densely populated South and Southwestern parts of the country. Since 2001 the disease has spread beyond Ethiopia to other regions in east and central Africa, where it is threatening food and income security of banana farmers. According to 2017 population projection, Sidama Zone has a total population of nearly 3.1 million . distribution of wild enset, it is only in Ethiopia that the plant has been domesticated. Over the course of the last 30 years, assessments of fuelwood consumption, both firewood and charcoal, in developing countries have changed substantially [7-10].
Frontiers in Plant Science, 10(133), 1-8.
Agro-climatic and farming system differences are explicitly taken into account by estimating the Northern and Central highlands of the grain-plough, as well as the Southern enset-hoe, systems separately. Production and its status As CSA (2009) estimated, about 6 million farmers are engaged in horticultural crop production in Ethiopia. Enset bacterial wilt is the major challenge that thwarts enset production systems in major enset growing regions of Ethiopia. Enset has multipurpose uses and nothing will be left from the plant and can be dependable source of income. Characterization and analysis of the urban and peri-urban dairy production systems in the North western Ethiopian highlands. Crop production, livestock and forestry account for respectively 49%, 14% and 4% within the sector. The  situation aggravated the problems of food shortage in the densely populated areas of southern Ethiopia.
The main biotic stresses are bacterial wilt, the enset root mealybug, nematodes, fungi and other vertebrate pests like mole-rats. Here, we review historical production data to show that the area of land under enset production in Ethiopia has reportedly increased 46% in two decades, whilst yield increased 12‐fold over the same period, making enset the second most produced crop species in Ethiopia—though we critically evaluate potential issues with these data. using a farm-level survey data from Ethiopia, and the extent to which responsiveness varies with agro-ecology and farming systems. enset may have been prohibited by differences between modes of propagation and harvesting time; cultivated enset is propagated vegetatively through sucker production and the plant is generally harvested before maturity or flower set, thereby hindering pollination by wild enset or vice versa.
The agricultural sector in Ethiopia is currently composed of 12.6 million smallholder farmers (who operate on farms averaging 1.2 hectares each) and several hundred commercial farms. Adigrat, Tigray, Ethiopia _____ Abstract-The study was conducted at Dibla Sihet tabia, Ganta Afeshum District, Eastern Tigray, Ethiopia with the objectives to identify the type of nematodes available, to determine the negative impact of nematodes on crop production and asses farmers control measures of nematodes in the study area. Inclusion of Enset production from Oromiya Region (Oromia) and the national root crop production would have placed estimated 'Enset and root crop production' at more than 1/4 of the total cereal and pulse production of Ethiopia.
Recent publication on enset ethnobotany including those by [13, 14] attempt to document farmers’ indigenous know-ledge on enset in some cultural groups at specific location. Ethiopia’s rural development policy and strategies prioritize the transformation of smallholder subsistence agriculture to market-orientated production. Water erosion, upland degradation and deforestation are key environmental problems in the Meki river watershed.
The average demand of kocho per person is fulfilled by 16 Enset plants (i.e., 289 kg) with only 38% of households able to satisfy their demand from their own home garden. Analysis of enset (Ensete ventricosum) indigenous production methods and farm-based biodiversity in major enset growing regions of Southern Ethiopia. The first two principal component scores 69.90% (PCA-1) and 17.60% (PCA-2) showed a lucid interaction between enset cultivars and major disease and pests. Starch stored in the corm and pseudostem of the plant is the main source of energy provided by this crop. Market performance can be evaluated by analysing costs and margins of marketing agents in different channels. However, the production of horticultural crops is much less developed than the production of food grains in the country. The production estimates of fruit, vegetable and roots was 2.16 mil .tons (9.2%) of total production. Hadera, Constraints and problems of Horticulture Production and Marketing in Eastern Ethiopia.